Maslow hierarchy of human needs

Understanding what people need and how they differ is an important part of good governance. In the case of a homeless person, all physiological needs for food, water, clothing, shelter, and sleep must be met … so that they can meet more complex needs such as mental and physical health, relationships, sobriety, and long-term needs. housing and employment … In 1943, Maslow developed a Hierarchy of Needs to explain the five levels at which each person must develop before self-determination.

Most homeless people struggle to meet their physiological needs and finding food, clothing, and shelter is a priority. The basic physical needs of the pyramid levels are the need for food, water, sleep, and warmth. The needs of the higher levels must be met before people can pay attention to the needs of the lower levels. Every person is capable and has the desire to climb to the level of self-realization.   

Several large studies on the hierarchy seem to support the suggestions of William James (1892/1962) and Mathis (1981) on the three levels of human needs. Mates suggested that the three levels were physiological, belonging, and self-realization. he considered safety and dignity unjustified.  

In his influential 1943 paper The Theory of Human Motivation, psychologist Abraham Maslow suggested that healthy people have a number of needs and that these needs can be organized in a hierarchy with some needs (such as physiological needs and safety) being more primitive (for example, social and selfish needs ). Maslow’s so-called hierarchy of needs is often presented in the form of a five-level pyramid (pictured), where the highest needs are the subject of attention only after the lowest and most basic needs are satisfied. 

Maslow called the bottom four levels of the pyramid the needs of scarcity because we do nothing if they are satisfied, but feel anxious or frustrated if they are not. Hence, physiological needs such as food, drink, and sleep is essential for deficiency, as are social needs such as friendship and sexual intimacy, and ego needs such as self-esteem and recognition. Maslow’s hierarchy of basic needs includes five needs based on what comes first and how to survive. 

Self-realization is the pinnacle of the hierarchy, described as the desire to realize all potentialities for oneself. Self-realization, being the top tier of the pyramid, includes things like personal growth, the ability to see problems clearly and logically, the pursuit of peak experiences, and contentment. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is a theory of psychology that explains human motivation.

This motivation prompts a person to perform activities for internal reasons that are personally satisfying and not for external motivation, that is, the force that pushes people at each stage to meet their needs in a hierarchical manner, and thus falls under the theory of motivation, or rather its theories of content. 

The person stuck in the first stage, physiological or fundamental needs, will be constantly motivated to receive shelter, food, water, etc., realizing the needs for survival. Here the person will not be motivated to fulfill other needs, such as social needs and needs for respect, because, as explained above, their main concern will be related to the stage they are in. The person in the second stage of security needs will be motivated to gain confidence and be motivated to enjoy the fulfillment of their potential.

The need for respect relates to the need for people to receive recognition, status, and feel respected. Once someone has satisfied their needs for love and belonging, try to meet their needs for respect. 

However, while Ty and Diener found support for some of Maslow’s basic needs, the order in which people follow these steps seems like a rough guide rather than a strict rule.

For example, people living in poverty may have trouble meeting their food and safety needs, but sometimes these people still report that they feel the love and support of those around them. Satisfying the previous needs in the hierarchy is not always a prerequisite for satisfying people’s needs for love and belonging. 

Depicted as a pyramid (shown in Figure 1), the theory places five different levels of psychological and physical needs of a person in order of importance. The needs in Maslow’s hierarchy are physiological needs (food and clothing), safety needs (work safety), social needs (friendship), self-esteem, and self-fulfillment. 

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